Exploring the Coral Reefs in Bermuda
An Excellent Opportunity to Find Out More about the Interesting Aquatic World
Among all the reefs in the Atlantic, those of Bermuda have a special place, because they are positioned at the northern extremity of the ocean. The formations present a lot of particularities that makes them an interesting study object for those who are passionate about natural science.
First of all, although the waters where the reef is located are warmed by the Gulf Stream, the average temperature is lower than in other regions populated by massive coral colonies. As a result, the number of young, soft corals is lower than anywhere else.
Types of Reefs
Three main types of reefs can be observed here, each of them located at a different depth and presenting its own characteristics.
- Lagoon reef – A poor visibility, caused by the action of the waves and the great amount of sediments from the water is the main characteristic of this type of formation. A lagoon reef is where the greatest number of sea fans and soft corals can be found.
- Rim reef – The level of visibility is better than that of lagoon reefs and the corals forming the colonies have a lot of fascinating shapes, resembling a star or a brain.
- Terrace reef – From all the coral colonies surrounding Bermuda, this one offers the best visibility and, thanks to the fact that it is situated in deep waters, a terrace reef is also less exposed to the sometimes destructive action of the waves.